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Spectrogram DemoΒΆ

Demo of a spectrogram plot.

../../_images/sphx_glr_specgram_demo_001.png
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np

# Fixing random state for reproducibility
np.random.seed(19680801)


dt = 0.0005
t = np.arange(0.0, 20.0, dt)
s1 = np.sin(2 * np.pi * 100 * t)
s2 = 2 * np.sin(2 * np.pi * 400 * t)

# create a transient "chirp"
mask = np.where(np.logical_and(t > 10, t < 12), 1.0, 0.0)
s2 = s2 * mask

# add some noise into the mix
nse = 0.01 * np.random.random(size=len(t))

x = s1 + s2 + nse  # the signal
NFFT = 1024       # the length of the windowing segments
Fs = int(1.0 / dt)  # the sampling frequency

# Pxx is the segments x freqs array of instantaneous power, freqs is
# the frequency vector, bins are the centers of the time bins in which
# the power is computed, and im is the matplotlib.image.AxesImage
# instance

ax1 = plt.subplot(211)
plt.plot(t, x)
plt.subplot(212, sharex=ax1)
Pxx, freqs, bins, im = plt.specgram(x, NFFT=NFFT, Fs=Fs, noverlap=900)
plt.show()

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 0.050 seconds)

Gallery generated by Sphinx-Gallery