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Contour DemoΒΆ

Illustrate simple contour plotting, contours on an image with a colorbar for the contours, and labelled contours.

See also contour_image.py.

import matplotlib
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.cm as cm
import matplotlib.mlab as mlab
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

matplotlib.rcParams['xtick.direction'] = 'out'
matplotlib.rcParams['ytick.direction'] = 'out'

delta = 0.025
x = np.arange(-3.0, 3.0, delta)
y = np.arange(-2.0, 2.0, delta)
X, Y = np.meshgrid(x, y)
Z1 = mlab.bivariate_normal(X, Y, 1.0, 1.0, 0.0, 0.0)
Z2 = mlab.bivariate_normal(X, Y, 1.5, 0.5, 1, 1)
# difference of Gaussians
Z = 10.0 * (Z2 - Z1)

Create a simple contour plot with labels using default colors. The inline argument to clabel will control whether the labels are draw over the line segments of the contour, removing the lines beneath the label

plt.figure()
CS = plt.contour(X, Y, Z)
plt.clabel(CS, inline=1, fontsize=10)
plt.title('Simplest default with labels')
../../_images/sphx_glr_contour_demo_001.png

contour labels can be placed manually by providing list of positions (in data coordinate). See ginput_manual_clabel.py for interactive placement.

plt.figure()
CS = plt.contour(X, Y, Z)
manual_locations = [(-1, -1.4), (-0.62, -0.7), (-2, 0.5), (1.7, 1.2), (2.0, 1.4), (2.4, 1.7)]
plt.clabel(CS, inline=1, fontsize=10, manual=manual_locations)
plt.title('labels at selected locations')
../../_images/sphx_glr_contour_demo_002.png

You can force all the contours to be the same color.

plt.figure()
CS = plt.contour(X, Y, Z, 6,
                 colors='k',  # negative contours will be dashed by default
                 )
plt.clabel(CS, fontsize=9, inline=1)
plt.title('Single color - negative contours dashed')
../../_images/sphx_glr_contour_demo_003.png

You can set negative contours to be solid instead of dashed:

matplotlib.rcParams['contour.negative_linestyle'] = 'solid'
plt.figure()
CS = plt.contour(X, Y, Z, 6,
                 colors='k',  # negative contours will be dashed by default
                 )
plt.clabel(CS, fontsize=9, inline=1)
plt.title('Single color - negative contours solid')
../../_images/sphx_glr_contour_demo_004.png

And you can manually specify the colors of the contour

plt.figure()
CS = plt.contour(X, Y, Z, 6,
                 linewidths=np.arange(.5, 4, .5),
                 colors=('r', 'green', 'blue', (1, 1, 0), '#afeeee', '0.5')
                 )
plt.clabel(CS, fontsize=9, inline=1)
plt.title('Crazy lines')
../../_images/sphx_glr_contour_demo_005.png

Or you can use a colormap to specify the colors; the default colormap will be used for the contour lines

plt.figure()
im = plt.imshow(Z, interpolation='bilinear', origin='lower',
                cmap=cm.gray, extent=(-3, 3, -2, 2))
levels = np.arange(-1.2, 1.6, 0.2)
CS = plt.contour(Z, levels,
                 origin='lower',
                 linewidths=2,
                 extent=(-3, 3, -2, 2))

# Thicken the zero contour.
zc = CS.collections[6]
plt.setp(zc, linewidth=4)

plt.clabel(CS, levels[1::2],  # label every second level
           inline=1,
           fmt='%1.1f',
           fontsize=14)

# make a colorbar for the contour lines
CB = plt.colorbar(CS, shrink=0.8, extend='both')

plt.title('Lines with colorbar')
#plt.hot()  # Now change the colormap for the contour lines and colorbar
plt.flag()

# We can still add a colorbar for the image, too.
CBI = plt.colorbar(im, orientation='horizontal', shrink=0.8)

# This makes the original colorbar look a bit out of place,
# so let's improve its position.

l, b, w, h = plt.gca().get_position().bounds
ll, bb, ww, hh = CB.ax.get_position().bounds
CB.ax.set_position([ll, b + 0.1*h, ww, h*0.8])


plt.show()
../../_images/sphx_glr_contour_demo_006.png

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 0.321 seconds)

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