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Date tick labelsΒΆ

Show how to make date plots in matplotlib using date tick locators and formatters. See major_minor_demo1.py for more information on controlling major and minor ticks

All matplotlib date plotting is done by converting date instances into days since the 0001-01-01 UTC. The conversion, tick locating and formatting is done behind the scenes so this is most transparent to you. The dates module provides several converter functions date2num and num2date

../../_images/sphx_glr_date_001.png
import datetime
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import matplotlib.dates as mdates
import matplotlib.cbook as cbook

years = mdates.YearLocator()   # every year
months = mdates.MonthLocator()  # every month
yearsFmt = mdates.DateFormatter('%Y')

# Load a numpy record array from yahoo csv data with fields date, open, close,
# volume, adj_close from the mpl-data/example directory. The record array
# stores the date as an np.datetime64 with a day unit ('D') in the date column.
with cbook.get_sample_data('goog.npz') as datafile:
    r = np.load(datafile)['price_data'].view(np.recarray)
# Matplotlib works better with datetime.datetime than np.datetime64, but the
# latter is more portable.
date = r.date.astype('O')

fig, ax = plt.subplots()
ax.plot(date, r.adj_close)


# format the ticks
ax.xaxis.set_major_locator(years)
ax.xaxis.set_major_formatter(yearsFmt)
ax.xaxis.set_minor_locator(months)

datemin = datetime.date(date.min().year, 1, 1)
datemax = datetime.date(date.max().year + 1, 1, 1)
ax.set_xlim(datemin, datemax)


# format the coords message box
def price(x):
    return '$%1.2f' % x
ax.format_xdata = mdates.DateFormatter('%Y-%m-%d')
ax.format_ydata = price
ax.grid(True)

# rotates and right aligns the x labels, and moves the bottom of the
# axes up to make room for them
fig.autofmt_xdate()

plt.show()

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 0.022 seconds)

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