Matplotlib 2.0.0rc1 is available

Install the release candidate now!

matplotlib

Travis-CI:

This Page

user_interfaces example code: interactive2.pyΒΆ

[source code]

#!/usr/bin/env python

from __future__ import print_function

#  GTK Interactive Console
#  (C) 2003, Jon Anderson
#  See www.python.org/2.2/license.html for
#  license details.
#
import gtk
import gtk.gdk

import code
import os
import sys
import pango

import __builtin__
import __main__


banner = """GTK Interactive Python Console
Thanks to Jon Anderson
%s
""" % sys.version

banner += """

Welcome to matplotlib.

    help(matplotlib) -- some general information about matplotlib
    help(plotting) -- shows a list of plot specific commands

"""


class Completer(object):
    """
    Taken from rlcompleter, with readline references stripped, and a local dictionary to use.
    """

    def __init__(self, locals):
        self.locals = locals

    def complete(self, text, state):
        """Return the next possible completion for 'text'.
        This is called successively with state == 0, 1, 2, ... until it
        returns None.  The completion should begin with 'text'.

        """
        if state == 0:
            if "." in text:
                self.matches = self.attr_matches(text)
            else:
                self.matches = self.global_matches(text)
        try:
            return self.matches[state]
        except IndexError:
            return None

    def global_matches(self, text):
        """Compute matches when text is a simple name.

        Return a list of all keywords, built-in functions and names
        currently defines in __main__ that match.

        """
        import keyword
        matches = []
        n = len(text)
        for list in [keyword.kwlist, __builtin__.__dict__.keys(), __main__.__dict__.keys(), self.locals.keys()]:
            for word in list:
                if word[:n] == text and word != "__builtins__":
                    matches.append(word)
        return matches

    def attr_matches(self, text):
        """Compute matches when text contains a dot.

        Assuming the text is of the form NAME.NAME....[NAME], and is
        evaluatable in the globals of __main__, it will be evaluated
        and its attributes (as revealed by dir()) are used as possible
        completions.  (For class instances, class members are are also
        considered.)

        WARNING: this can still invoke arbitrary C code, if an object
        with a __getattr__ hook is evaluated.

        """
        import re
        m = re.match(r"(\w+(\.\w+)*)\.(\w*)", text)
        if not m:
            return
        expr, attr = m.group(1, 3)
        object = eval(expr, __main__.__dict__, self.locals)
        words = dir(object)
        if hasattr(object, '__class__'):
            words.append('__class__')
            words = words + get_class_members(object.__class__)
        matches = []
        n = len(attr)
        for word in words:
            if word[:n] == attr and word != "__builtins__":
                matches.append("%s.%s" % (expr, word))
        return matches


def get_class_members(klass):
    ret = dir(klass)
    if hasattr(klass, '__bases__'):
        for base in klass.__bases__:
            ret = ret + get_class_members(base)
    return ret


class OutputStream(object):
    """
    A Multiplexing output stream.
    It can replace another stream, and tee output to the original stream and too
    a GTK textview.
    """

    def __init__(self, view, old_out, style):
        self.view = view
        self.buffer = view.get_buffer()
        self.mark = self.buffer.create_mark("End", self.buffer.get_end_iter(), False)
        self.out = old_out
        self.style = style
        self.tee = 1

    def write(self, text):
        if self.tee:
            self.out.write(text)

        end = self.buffer.get_end_iter()

        if self.view is not None:
            self.view.scroll_to_mark(self.mark, 0, True, 1, 1)

        self.buffer.insert_with_tags(end, text, self.style)


class GTKInterpreterConsole(gtk.ScrolledWindow):
    """
    An InteractiveConsole for GTK. It's an actual widget,
    so it can be dropped in just about anywhere.
    """

    def __init__(self):
        gtk.ScrolledWindow.__init__(self)
        self.set_policy(gtk.POLICY_AUTOMATIC, gtk.POLICY_AUTOMATIC)

        self.text = gtk.TextView()
        self.text.set_wrap_mode(True)

        self.interpreter = code.InteractiveInterpreter()

        self.completer = Completer(self.interpreter.locals)
        self.buffer = []
        self.history = []
        self.banner = banner
        self.ps1 = ">>> "
        self.ps2 = "... "

        self.text.add_events(gtk.gdk.KEY_PRESS_MASK)
        self.text.connect("key_press_event", self.key_pressed)

        self.current_history = -1

        self.mark = self.text.get_buffer().create_mark("End", self.text.get_buffer().get_end_iter(), False)

        # setup colors
        self.style_banner = gtk.TextTag("banner")
        self.style_banner.set_property("foreground", "saddle brown")

        self.style_ps1 = gtk.TextTag("ps1")
        self.style_ps1.set_property("foreground", "DarkOrchid4")
        self.style_ps1.set_property("editable", False)
        self.style_ps1.set_property("font", "courier")

        self.style_ps2 = gtk.TextTag("ps2")
        self.style_ps2.set_property("foreground", "DarkOliveGreen")
        self.style_ps2.set_property("editable", False)
        self.style_ps2.set_property("font", "courier")

        self.style_out = gtk.TextTag("stdout")
        self.style_out.set_property("foreground", "midnight blue")
        self.style_err = gtk.TextTag("stderr")
        self.style_err.set_property("style", pango.STYLE_ITALIC)
        self.style_err.set_property("foreground", "red")

        self.text.get_buffer().get_tag_table().add(self.style_banner)
        self.text.get_buffer().get_tag_table().add(self.style_ps1)
        self.text.get_buffer().get_tag_table().add(self.style_ps2)
        self.text.get_buffer().get_tag_table().add(self.style_out)
        self.text.get_buffer().get_tag_table().add(self.style_err)

        self.stdout = OutputStream(self.text, sys.stdout, self.style_out)
        self.stderr = OutputStream(self.text, sys.stderr, self.style_err)

        sys.stderr = self.stderr
        sys.stdout = self.stdout

        self.current_prompt = None

        self.write_line(self.banner, self.style_banner)
        self.prompt_ps1()

        self.add(self.text)
        self.text.show()

    def reset_history(self):
        self.history = []

    def reset_buffer(self):
        self.buffer = []

    def prompt_ps1(self):
        self.current_prompt = self.prompt_ps1
        self.write_line(self.ps1, self.style_ps1)

    def prompt_ps2(self):
        self.current_prompt = self.prompt_ps2
        self.write_line(self.ps2, self.style_ps2)

    def write_line(self, text, style=None):
        start, end = self.text.get_buffer().get_bounds()
        if style is None:
            self.text.get_buffer().insert(end, text)
        else:
            self.text.get_buffer().insert_with_tags(end, text, style)

        self.text.scroll_to_mark(self.mark, 0, True, 1, 1)

    def push(self, line):

        self.buffer.append(line)
        if len(line) > 0:
            self.history.append(line)

        source = "\n".join(self.buffer)

        more = self.interpreter.runsource(source, "<<console>>")

        if not more:
            self.reset_buffer()

        return more

    def key_pressed(self, widget, event):
        if event.keyval == gtk.gdk.keyval_from_name('Return'):
            return self.execute_line()

        if event.keyval == gtk.gdk.keyval_from_name('Up'):
            self.current_history = self.current_history - 1
            if self.current_history < - len(self.history):
                self.current_history = - len(self.history)
            return self.show_history()
        elif event.keyval == gtk.gdk.keyval_from_name('Down'):
            self.current_history = self.current_history + 1
            if self.current_history > 0:
                self.current_history = 0
            return self.show_history()
        elif event.keyval == gtk.gdk.keyval_from_name('Home'):
            l = self.text.get_buffer().get_line_count() - 1
            start = self.text.get_buffer().get_iter_at_line_offset(l, 4)
            self.text.get_buffer().place_cursor(start)
            return True
        elif event.keyval == gtk.gdk.keyval_from_name('space') and event.state & gtk.gdk.CONTROL_MASK:
            return self.complete_line()
        return False

    def show_history(self):
        if self.current_history == 0:
            return True
        else:
            self.replace_line(self.history[self.current_history])
            return True

    def current_line(self):
        start, end = self.current_line_bounds()
        return self.text.get_buffer().get_text(start, end, True)

    def current_line_bounds(self):
        txt_buffer = self.text.get_buffer()
        l = txt_buffer.get_line_count() - 1

        start = txt_buffer.get_iter_at_line(l)
        if start.get_chars_in_line() >= 4:
            start.forward_chars(4)
        end = txt_buffer.get_end_iter()
        return start, end

    def replace_line(self, txt):
        start, end = self.current_line_bounds()
        self.text.get_buffer().delete(start, end)
        self.write_line(txt)

    def execute_line(self, line=None):
        if line is None:
            line = self.current_line()
            self.write_line("\n")
        else:
            self.write_line(line + "\n")

        more = self.push(line)

        self.text.get_buffer().place_cursor(self.text.get_buffer().get_end_iter())

        if more:
            self.prompt_ps2()
        else:
            self.prompt_ps1()

        self.current_history = 0

        self.window.raise_()

        return True

    def complete_line(self):
        line = self.current_line()
        tokens = line.split()
        token = tokens[-1]

        completions = []
        p = self.completer.complete(token, len(completions))
        while p is not None:
            completions.append(p)
            p = self.completer.complete(token, len(completions))

        if len(completions) != 1:
            self.write_line("\n")
            self.write_line("\n".join(completions), self.style_ps1)
            self.write_line("\n")
            self.current_prompt()
            self.write_line(line)
        else:
            i = line.rfind(token)
            line = line[0:i] + completions[0]
            self.replace_line(line)

        return True


def main():
    w = gtk.Window()
    console = GTKInterpreterConsole()
    console.set_size_request(640, 480)
    w.add(console)

    def destroy(arg=None):
        gtk.main_quit()

    def key_event(widget, event):
        if gtk.gdk.keyval_name(event.keyval) == 'd' and \
                event.state & gtk.gdk.CONTROL_MASK:
            destroy()
        return False

    w.connect("destroy", destroy)

    w.add_events(gtk.gdk.KEY_PRESS_MASK)
    w.connect('key_press_event', key_event)
    w.show_all()

    console.execute_line('import matplotlib')
    console.execute_line("matplotlib.use('GTKAgg')")
    console.execute_line('matplotlib.interactive(1)')
    console.execute_line('from pylab import *')

    if len(sys.argv) > 1:
        fname = sys.argv[1]
        if not os.path.exists(fname):
            print('%s does not exist' % fname)
        for line in file(fname):
            line = line.strip()

            console.execute_line(line)
    gtk.main()

if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()

Keywords: python, matplotlib, pylab, example, codex (see Search examples)