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shapes_and_collections example code: artist_reference.pyΒΆ

(Source code, png, hires.png, pdf)

../../_images/artist_reference.png
"""
Reference for matplotlib artists

This example displays several of matplotlib's graphics primitives (artists)
drawn using matplotlib API. A full list of artists and the documentation is
available at http://matplotlib.org/api/artist_api.html.

Copyright (c) 2010, Bartosz Telenczuk
BSD License
"""
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
plt.rcdefaults()

import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import matplotlib.path as mpath
import matplotlib.lines as mlines
import matplotlib.patches as mpatches
from matplotlib.collections import PatchCollection


def label(xy, text):
    y = xy[1] - 0.15  # shift y-value for label so that it's below the artist
    plt.text(xy[0], y, text, ha="center", family='sans-serif', size=14)


fig, ax = plt.subplots()
# create 3x3 grid to plot the artists
grid = np.mgrid[0.2:0.8:3j, 0.2:0.8:3j].reshape(2, -1).T

patches = []

# add a circle
circle = mpatches.Circle(grid[0], 0.1, ec="none")
patches.append(circle)
label(grid[0], "Circle")

# add a rectangle
rect = mpatches.Rectangle(grid[1] - [0.025, 0.05], 0.05, 0.1, ec="none")
patches.append(rect)
label(grid[1], "Rectangle")

# add a wedge
wedge = mpatches.Wedge(grid[2], 0.1, 30, 270, ec="none")
patches.append(wedge)
label(grid[2], "Wedge")

# add a Polygon
polygon = mpatches.RegularPolygon(grid[3], 5, 0.1)
patches.append(polygon)
label(grid[3], "Polygon")

# add an ellipse
ellipse = mpatches.Ellipse(grid[4], 0.2, 0.1)
patches.append(ellipse)
label(grid[4], "Ellipse")

# add an arrow
arrow = mpatches.Arrow(grid[5, 0] - 0.05, grid[5, 1] - 0.05, 0.1, 0.1, width=0.1)
patches.append(arrow)
label(grid[5], "Arrow")

# add a path patch
Path = mpath.Path
path_data = [
    (Path.MOVETO, [0.018, -0.11]),
    (Path.CURVE4, [-0.031, -0.051]),
    (Path.CURVE4, [-0.115,  0.073]),
    (Path.CURVE4, [-0.03 ,  0.073]),
    (Path.LINETO, [-0.011,  0.039]),
    (Path.CURVE4, [0.043,  0.121]),
    (Path.CURVE4, [0.075, -0.005]),
    (Path.CURVE4, [0.035, -0.027]),
    (Path.CLOSEPOLY, [0.018, -0.11])
    ]
codes, verts = zip(*path_data)
path = mpath.Path(verts + grid[6], codes)
patch = mpatches.PathPatch(path)
patches.append(patch)
label(grid[6], "PathPatch")

# add a fancy box
fancybox = mpatches.FancyBboxPatch(
    grid[7] - [0.025, 0.05], 0.05, 0.1,
    boxstyle=mpatches.BoxStyle("Round", pad=0.02))
patches.append(fancybox)
label(grid[7], "FancyBboxPatch")

# add a line
x, y = np.array([[-0.06, 0.0, 0.1], [0.05, -0.05, 0.05]])
line = mlines.Line2D(x + grid[8, 0], y + grid[8, 1], lw=5., alpha=0.3)
label(grid[8], "Line2D")

colors = np.linspace(0, 1, len(patches))
collection = PatchCollection(patches, cmap=plt.cm.hsv, alpha=0.3)
collection.set_array(np.array(colors))
ax.add_collection(collection)
ax.add_line(line)

plt.subplots_adjust(left=0, right=1, bottom=0, top=1)
plt.axis('equal')
plt.axis('off')

plt.show()

Keywords: python, matplotlib, pylab, example, codex (see Search examples)