This Page

pylab_examples example code: multi_image.pyΒΆ

(Source code, png, pdf)

Make a set of images with a single colormap, norm, and colorbar.

It also illustrates colorbar tick labelling with a multiplier.

from matplotlib.pyplot import figure, show, axes, sci
from matplotlib import cm, colors
from matplotlib.font_manager import FontProperties
from numpy import amin, amax, ravel
from numpy.random import rand

Nr = 3
Nc = 2

fig = figure()
cmap =

figtitle = 'Multiple images'
t = fig.text(0.5, 0.95, figtitle,

cax = fig.add_axes([0.2, 0.08, 0.6, 0.04])

w = 0.4
h = 0.22
ax = []
images = []
vmin = 1e40
vmax = -1e40
for i in range(Nr):
    for j in range(Nc):
        pos = [0.075 + j*1.1*w, 0.18 + i*1.2*h, w, h]
        a = fig.add_axes(pos)
        if i > 0:
        # Make some fake data with a range that varies
        # somewhat from one plot to the next.
        data = ((1 + i + j)/10.0)*rand(10, 20)*1e-6
        dd = ravel(data)
        # Manually find the min and max of all colors for
        # use in setting the color scale.
        vmin = min(vmin, amin(dd))
        vmax = max(vmax, amax(dd))
        images.append(a.imshow(data, cmap=cmap))


# Set the first image as the master, with all the others
# observing it for changes in cmap or norm.

class ImageFollower(object):
    'update image in response to changes in clim or cmap on another image'

    def __init__(self, follower):
        self.follower = follower

    def __call__(self, leader):

norm = colors.Normalize(vmin=vmin, vmax=vmax)
for i, im in enumerate(images):
    if i > 0:
        images[0].callbacksSM.connect('changed', ImageFollower(im))

# The colorbar is also based on this master image.
fig.colorbar(images[0], cax, orientation='horizontal')

# We need the following only if we want to run this interactively and
# modify the colormap:

axes(ax[0])     # Return the current axes to the first one,
sci(images[0])  # because the current image must be in current axes.


Keywords: python, matplotlib, pylab, example, codex (see Search examples)