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pylab_examples example code: layer_images.pyΒΆ

(Source code, png, hires.png, pdf)

Layer images above one another using alpha blending
from __future__ import division
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np

def func3(x, y):
    return (1 - x/2 + x**5 + y**3)*np.exp(-(x**2 + y**2))

# make these smaller to increase the resolution
dx, dy = 0.05, 0.05

x = np.arange(-3.0, 3.0, dx)
y = np.arange(-3.0, 3.0, dy)
X, Y = np.meshgrid(x, y)

# when layering multiple images, the images need to have the same
# extent.  This does not mean they need to have the same shape, but
# they both need to render to the same coordinate system determined by
# xmin, xmax, ymin, ymax.  Note if you use different interpolations
# for the images their apparent extent could be different due to
# interpolation edge effects

xmin, xmax, ymin, ymax = np.amin(x), np.amax(x), np.amin(y), np.amax(y)
extent = xmin, xmax, ymin, ymax
fig = plt.figure(frameon=False)

Z1 = np.array(([0, 1]*4 + [1, 0]*4)*4)
Z1.shape = (8, 8)  # chessboard
im1 = plt.imshow(Z1, cmap=plt.cm.gray, interpolation='nearest',

Z2 = func3(X, Y)

im2 = plt.imshow(Z2, cmap=plt.cm.jet, alpha=.9, interpolation='bilinear',


Keywords: python, matplotlib, pylab, example, codex (see Search examples)