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pylab_examples example code: demo_tight_layout.pyΒΆ

(Source code)

(png, hires.png, pdf)

../../_images/demo_tight_layout_01_00.png
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt


import random
fontsizes = [8, 16, 24, 32]
def example_plot(ax):
    ax.plot([1, 2])
    ax.set_xlabel('x-label', fontsize=random.choice(fontsizes))
    ax.set_ylabel('y-label', fontsize=random.choice(fontsizes))
    ax.set_title('Title', fontsize=random.choice(fontsizes))

fig, ax = plt.subplots()
example_plot(ax)
plt.tight_layout()

fig, ((ax1, ax2), (ax3, ax4)) = plt.subplots(nrows=2, ncols=2)
example_plot(ax1)
example_plot(ax2)
example_plot(ax3)
example_plot(ax4)
plt.tight_layout()

fig, (ax1, ax2) = plt.subplots(nrows=2, ncols=1)
example_plot(ax1)
example_plot(ax2)
plt.tight_layout()

fig, (ax1, ax2) = plt.subplots(nrows=1, ncols=2)
example_plot(ax1)
example_plot(ax2)
plt.tight_layout()

fig, axes = plt.subplots(nrows=3, ncols=3)
for row in axes:
    for ax in row:
        example_plot(ax)
plt.tight_layout()


fig = plt.figure()

ax1 = plt.subplot(221)
ax2 = plt.subplot(223)
ax3 = plt.subplot(122)

example_plot(ax1)
example_plot(ax2)
example_plot(ax3)

plt.tight_layout()


fig = plt.figure()

ax1 = plt.subplot2grid((3, 3), (0, 0))
ax2 = plt.subplot2grid((3, 3), (0, 1), colspan=2)
ax3 = plt.subplot2grid((3, 3), (1, 0), colspan=2, rowspan=2)
ax4 = plt.subplot2grid((3, 3), (1, 2), rowspan=2)

example_plot(ax1)
example_plot(ax2)
example_plot(ax3)
example_plot(ax4)

plt.tight_layout()

plt.show()


fig = plt.figure()

import matplotlib.gridspec as gridspec

gs1 = gridspec.GridSpec(3, 1)
ax1 = fig.add_subplot(gs1[0])
ax2 = fig.add_subplot(gs1[1])
ax3 = fig.add_subplot(gs1[2])

example_plot(ax1)
example_plot(ax2)
example_plot(ax3)

gs1.tight_layout(fig, rect=[None, None, 0.45, None])

gs2 = gridspec.GridSpec(2, 1)
ax4 = fig.add_subplot(gs2[0])
ax5 = fig.add_subplot(gs2[1])

#example_plot(ax4)
#example_plot(ax5)

gs2.tight_layout(fig, rect=[0.45, None, None, None])

# now match the top and bottom of two gridspecs.
top = min(gs1.top, gs2.top)
bottom = max(gs1.bottom, gs2.bottom)

gs1.update(top=top, bottom=bottom)
gs2.update(top=top, bottom=bottom)

plt.show()

Keywords: python, matplotlib, pylab, example, codex (see Search examples)