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mplot3d example code: pathpatch3d_demo.pyΒΆ

(Source code, png, pdf)

Draw flat objects in 3D plot

Demonstrate using pathpatch_2d_to_3d to 'draw' shapes and text on a 3D plot.

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from matplotlib.patches import Circle, PathPatch
# register Axes3D class with matplotlib by importing Axes3D
from mpl_toolkits.mplot3d import Axes3D
import mpl_toolkits.mplot3d.art3d as art3d
from matplotlib.text import TextPath
from matplotlib.transforms import Affine2D

def text3d(ax, xyz, s, zdir="z", size=None, angle=0, usetex=False, **kwargs):

    x, y, z = xyz
    if zdir == "y":
        xy1, z1 = (x, z), y
    elif zdir == "y":
        xy1, z1 = (y, z), x
        xy1, z1 = (x, y), z

    text_path = TextPath((0, 0), s, size=size, usetex=usetex)
    trans = Affine2D().rotate(angle).translate(xy1[0], xy1[1])

    p1 = PathPatch(trans.transform_path(text_path), **kwargs)
    art3d.pathpatch_2d_to_3d(p1, z=z1, zdir=zdir)

fig = plt.figure()
ax = fig.add_subplot(111, projection='3d')

p = Circle((5, 5), 3)
art3d.pathpatch_2d_to_3d(p, z=0, zdir="x")

text3d(ax, (4, -2, 0), "X-axis", zdir="z", size=.5, usetex=False,
       ec="none", fc="k")
text3d(ax, (12, 4, 0), "Y-axis", zdir="z", size=.5, usetex=False,
       angle=.5*3.14159, ec="none", fc="k")
text3d(ax, (12, 10, 4), "Z-axis", zdir="y", size=.5, usetex=False,
       angle=.5*3.14159, ec="none", fc="k")

text3d(ax, (1, 5, 0),
       r"$\displaystyle G_{\mu\nu} + \Lambda g_{\mu\nu} = "
       r"\frac{8\pi G}{c^4} T_{\mu\nu}  $",
       zdir="z", size=1, usetex=True,
       ec="none", fc="k")

ax.set_xlim3d(0, 10)
ax.set_ylim3d(0, 10)
ax.set_zlim3d(0, 10)

Keywords: python, matplotlib, pylab, example, codex (see Search examples)