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event_handling example code: path_editor.pyΒΆ

[source code]

import numpy as np
import matplotlib.path as mpath
import matplotlib.patches as mpatches
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

Path = mpath.Path

fig, ax = plt.subplots()

pathdata = [
    (Path.MOVETO, (1.58, -2.57)),
    (Path.CURVE4, (0.35, -1.1)),
    (Path.CURVE4, (-1.75, 2.0)),
    (Path.CURVE4, (0.375, 2.0)),
    (Path.LINETO, (0.85, 1.15)),
    (Path.CURVE4, (2.2, 3.2)),
    (Path.CURVE4, (3, 0.05)),
    (Path.CURVE4, (2.0, -0.5)),
    (Path.CLOSEPOLY, (1.58, -2.57)),

codes, verts = zip(*pathdata)
path = mpath.Path(verts, codes)
patch = mpatches.PathPatch(path, facecolor='green', edgecolor='yellow', alpha=0.5)

class PathInteractor:
    An path editor.


      't' toggle vertex markers on and off.  When vertex markers are on,
          you can move them, delete them


    showverts = True
    epsilon = 5  # max pixel distance to count as a vertex hit

    def __init__(self, pathpatch): = pathpatch.axes
        canvas =
        self.pathpatch = pathpatch

        x, y = zip(*self.pathpatch.get_path().vertices)

        self.line, = ax.plot(x,y,marker='o', markerfacecolor='r', animated=True)

        self._ind = None # the active vert

        canvas.mpl_connect('draw_event', self.draw_callback)
        canvas.mpl_connect('button_press_event', self.button_press_callback)
        canvas.mpl_connect('key_press_event', self.key_press_callback)
        canvas.mpl_connect('button_release_event', self.button_release_callback)
        canvas.mpl_connect('motion_notify_event', self.motion_notify_callback)
        self.canvas = canvas

    def draw_callback(self, event):
        self.background = self.canvas.copy_from_bbox(

    def pathpatch_changed(self, pathpatch):
        'this method is called whenever the pathpatchgon object is called'
        # only copy the artist props to the line (except visibility)
        vis = self.line.get_visible()
        plt.Artist.update_from(self.line, pathpatch)
        self.line.set_visible(vis)  # don't use the pathpatch visibility state

    def get_ind_under_point(self, event):
        'get the index of the vertex under point if within epsilon tolerance'

        # display coords
        xy = np.asarray(self.pathpatch.get_path().vertices)
        xyt = self.pathpatch.get_transform().transform(xy)
        xt, yt = xyt[:, 0], xyt[:, 1]
        d = np.sqrt((xt-event.x)**2 + (yt-event.y)**2)
        ind = d.argmin()

        if d[ind]>=self.epsilon:
            ind = None

        return ind

    def button_press_callback(self, event):
        'whenever a mouse button is pressed'
        if not self.showverts: return
        if event.inaxes==None: return
        if event.button != 1: return
        self._ind = self.get_ind_under_point(event)

    def button_release_callback(self, event):
        'whenever a mouse button is released'
        if not self.showverts: return
        if event.button != 1: return
        self._ind = None

    def key_press_callback(self, event):
        'whenever a key is pressed'
        if not event.inaxes: return
        if event.key=='t':
            self.showverts = not self.showverts
            if not self.showverts: self._ind = None


    def motion_notify_callback(self, event):
        'on mouse movement'
        if not self.showverts: return
        if self._ind is None: return
        if event.inaxes is None: return
        if event.button != 1: return
        x,y = event.xdata, event.ydata

        vertices = self.pathpatch.get_path().vertices

        vertices[self._ind] = x,y


interactor = PathInteractor(patch)
ax.set_title('drag vertices to update path')

Keywords: python, matplotlib, pylab, example, codex (see Search examples)