Fork me on GitHub


Table Of Contents

This Page

mplot3d API



Significant effort went into bringing axes3d to feature-parity with regular axes objects for version 1.1.0. However, more work remains. Please report any functions that do not behave as expected as a bug. In addition, help and patches would be greatly appreciated!

axes3d.Axes3D(fig[, rect]) 3D axes object.



See mpl_toolkits.mplot3d.axis3d._axinfo for a dictionary containing constants that may be modified for controlling the look and feel of mplot3d axes (e.g., label spacing, font colors and panel colors). Historically, axis3d has suffered from having hard-coded constants that precluded user adjustments, and this dictionary was implemented in version 1.1 as a stop-gap measure.

axis3d.Axis(adir, v_intervalx, d_intervalx, …)


art3d.Line3D(xs, ys, zs, *args, **kwargs) 3D line object.
art3d.Line3DCollection(segments, *args, **kwargs) A collection of 3D lines.
art3d.Patch3D(*args, **kwargs) 3D patch object.
art3d.Patch3DCollection(*args, **kwargs) A collection of 3D patches.
art3d.Path3DCollection(*args, **kwargs) A collection of 3D paths.
art3d.PathPatch3D(path, **kwargs) 3D PathPatch object.
art3d.Poly3DCollection(verts, *args, **kwargs) A collection of 3D polygons.
art3d.Text3D([x, y, z, text, zdir]) Text object with 3D position and (in the future) direction.

Art3D Utility Functions

art3d.get_colors(c, num) Stretch the color argument to provide the required number num
art3d.get_patch_verts(patch) Return a list of vertices for the path of a patch.

Deprecated since version 2.0.

art3d.juggle_axes(xs, ys, zs, zdir) Reorder coordinates so that 2D xs, ys can be plotted in the plane orthogonal to zdir.
art3d.line_2d_to_3d(line[, zs, zdir]) Convert a 2D line to 3D.
art3d.line_collection_2d_to_3d(col[, zs, zdir]) Convert a LineCollection to a Line3DCollection object.
art3d.norm_angle(a) Return angle between -180 and +180
art3d.norm_text_angle(a) Return angle between -90 and +90
art3d.patch_2d_to_3d(patch[, z, zdir]) Convert a Patch to a Patch3D object.
art3d.patch_collection_2d_to_3d(col[, zs, …]) Convert a PatchCollection into a Patch3DCollection object (or a PathCollection into a Path3DCollection object).
art3d.path_to_3d_segment(path[, zs, zdir]) Convert a path to a 3D segment.
art3d.path_to_3d_segment_with_codes(path[, …]) Convert a path to a 3D segment with path codes.
art3d.pathpatch_2d_to_3d(pathpatch[, z, zdir]) Convert a PathPatch to a PathPatch3D object.
art3d.paths_to_3d_segments(paths[, zs, zdir]) Convert paths from a collection object to 3D segments.
art3d.paths_to_3d_segments_with_codes(paths) Convert paths from a collection object to 3D segments with path codes.
art3d.poly_collection_2d_to_3d(col[, zs, zdir]) Convert a PolyCollection to a Poly3DCollection object.
art3d.rotate_axes(xs, ys, zs, zdir) Reorder coordinates so that the axes are rotated with zdir along the original z axis.
art3d.text_2d_to_3d(obj[, z, zdir]) Convert a Text to a Text3D object.
art3d.zalpha(colors, zs) Modify the alphas of the color list according to depth


proj3d.inv_transform(xs, ys, zs, M)
proj3d.line2d(p0, p1) Return 2D equation of line in the form ax+by+c = 0
proj3d.line2d_dist(l, p) Distance from line to point
proj3d.line2d_seg_dist(p1, p2, p0) distance(s) from line defined by p1 - p2 to point(s) p0
proj3d.mod(v) 3d vector length
proj3d.persp_transformation(zfront, zback)
proj3d.proj_points(points, M)
proj3d.proj_trans_clip_points(points, M)
proj3d.proj_trans_points(points, M)
proj3d.proj_transform(xs, ys, zs, M) Transform the points by the projection matrix
proj3d.proj_transform_clip(xs, ys, zs, M) Transform the points by the projection matrix
proj3d.proj_transform_vec(vec, M)
proj3d.proj_transform_vec_clip(vec, M)
proj3d.rot_x(V, alpha)
proj3d.transform(xs, ys, zs, M) Transform the points by the projection matrix
proj3d.vec_pad_ones(xs, ys, zs)
proj3d.view_transformation(E, R, V)
proj3d.world_transformation(xmin, xmax, …)